"Men on horseback, men of fight and tradition combine efforts and support with values one of the most representative activities of the Mexican being, the charreria.
The charreria emanates from the field, of the strength and struggle, from art and courage, is the very essence of crossbreeding, is the feeling of an entire town." The Asociacion de Charros describes it this way, but we can say that there are few things that are so much associated with the "Mexicans" as seeing a charro on his horse, with pistol and a big hat. Those images became so famous during the so-called Golden era of Mexican cinema, where the mariachi was always around and the bravery of the men was expressed with bullets and boastfulness.Regarding the Damiselas, the Escaramusas are the true image of the Adelita, that revolutionary woman, fighter and brave that follows loyal and noisy to her husband.
What is indisputable is that this activity has its origins in the business field, in the stockbreeding. It was until the second decade of the twentieth century (after the Revolution) than riding with reata (ropes) became a sport. In 1932 the Charreria officially became the "national sport".Nowadays is practised throughout the country in the so-called "Lienzos Charros" and contests and tournaments are held throughout the year.
The clothing of Charro (also a woman) really looks like a little to the Mariachis around the world: pants, jacket, chaparreras, wide-brimmed hat, shirt, moño, leather bundle, boots, spurs and gun and of course, there are different classes since the suit for the faenas until dressed up.
The "Charreada" is a show that includes several stages: cala del caballo, piales, coleadero, monta de toros, floreo and suerte con reata.
The most outstanding "suertes" are:
Paso de la muerte. The charro has to change from a galloping horse to a mare which requires great precision and balance.
The Manganas on foot and on horseback. He needs to tie with a rope the forefeet of a wild mare or horse either from his horse or on foot while he is playing with the rope making spins which is known as "Floreo."
The Escaramuza charra. The protagonist is a woman who in groups of eight and with the rhythm of music performed various exercises to gallop, side mounted.
Coleadero. It consists of the charro pull down a bull from the saddle of his horse.
Other suertes are: Piales, Terna, Jineteo of mares, Jineteo of bull.
This tradition is increasingly rooted in land jalisciense (and throughout Mexico) and whole families are involved in it.